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互相用英语怎么读,英语被动句,英语中的被动语句表达形式

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英语被动句,英语中的被动语句表达形式 英语中的被动语句表达形式

be+动词过去完成时

have/has been+动词过去完成时

will/would+动词过去完成时

请看以下详细介绍:

英语的时态(tense)j是一种动词形式,不同的时态用以表示不同的时间与方式。

下面就英语中常见的八种基本时态进行阐述,其它的时态都是在这八种时态的基础上结合而成的。

一、一般现在时:

1.概念:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。

2.时间状语: always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week, on Sundays,

3.基本结构:动词 原形 (如主语为第三人称单数,动词上要加(e)S)

4.否定形式:am/is/are+not;此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加don't,如主语为第三人称单数,则用doesn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首;用助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用does,同时,还原行为动词。

6.例句:. It seldom snows here.

He is always ready to help others.

Action speaks louder than words.

二、一般过去时:

1.概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

2.时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week(year, night, month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time, etc.

3.基本结构:be动词;行为动词

4.否定形式:was/were+not;在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;用助动词do的过去式did 提问,同时还原行为动词。

6.例句:She often came to help us in those days.

I didn't know you were so busy.

三、现在进行时:

1.概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。

2.时间状语:now, at this time, these days, etc.

3.基本结构:am/is/are+doing

4.否定形式:am/is/are+not+doing.

5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。

6.例句: How are you feeling today?

He is doing well in his lessons.

四、过去进行时:

1.概念:表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作。

2.时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that time或以when引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。

3.基本结构:was/were+doing

4.否定形式:was/were + not + doing.

5.一般疑问句:把was或were放于句首。

6.例句:At that time she was working in a PLA unit.

When he came in, I was reading a newspaper.

五、现在完成时:

1.概念:过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

2.时间状语:recently, lately, since…for…,in the past few years, etc.

3.基本结构:have/has + done

4.否定形式:have/has + not +d one.

5.一般疑问句:have或has。

6.例句:I've written an article.

It has been raining these days.

六、过去完成时:

1.概念:以过去某个时间为标准,在此以前发生的动作或行为,或在过去某动作之前完成的行为,即“过去的过去”。

2.时间状语:before, by the end of last year(term, month…),etc.

3.基本结构:had + done.

4.否定形式:had + not + done.

5.一般疑问句:had放于句首。

6.例句:As soon as we got to the station, the train had left.

By the end of last month. We had reviewed four books

七、一般将来时:

1.概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

2.时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, in a few minutes, by…,the day after tomorrow, etc.

3.基本结构:am/is/are/going to + do;will/shall + do.

4.否定形式:was/were + not; 在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:be放于句首;will/shall提到句首。

6.例句:They are going to have a competition with us in studies.

It is going to rain.

八、过去将来时:

1.概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。

2.时间状语:the next day(morning, year…),the following month(week…),etc.

3.基本结构:was/were/going to + do;would/should + do.

4.否定形式:was/were/not + going to + do;would/should + not + do.

5.一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;would/should 提到句首。

6.例句:He said he would go to Beijing the next day.

I asked whowas going there .

几种常见时态的相互转换

英语中的几种时态在一定情况下可以互相转换,以下是几种常见的转换形式:

一、一般过去时与现在完成时的转换

在现在完成时中,e69da5e6ba907a686964616f31333365646235延续性动词能与表示一段时间的状语连用,瞬间动词却不能。但是,可用别的表达方式:①瞬间动词用于“一段时间 + ago”的一般过去时的句型中;②瞬间动词可改成与之相对应的延续性动词及短语,与一段时间连用;③瞬间动词用于“It is + 一段时间 + since + 一般过去时”的句型中,表示“自从……以来有……时间”的意思,主句一般用it is来代替It has been;④瞬间动词用于“Some time has passed since + 一般过去时”的句型中。请看:

A.He joined the League two years ago.

B.He has been in the League for two years.

C.It is two years since he joined the League.

D.Two years has passed since he joined the League.

二、一般现在时与现在进行时的转换

在一般现在时中,at加上名词表示“处于某种状态”,如at work(在工作), at school(上学、上课)等。此短语可与进行时态转换。请看:

Peter is at work, but Mike is at play.

Peter is working, but Mike is playing.

三、现在进行时与一般将来时的转换

在现在进行时态中go, come, leave, start, arrive等动词常与表示将来的时间状语连用表示将要发生的动作。如:I am coming, Mum! 意为“我就来,妈妈!”请看:

The train is leaving soon.

The train will leave soon.

四、“be going to+动词原形”与“will(shall)+动词原形”结构的转换

“be going to+动词原形”、表示打算、计划要做的事;将来时“will(shall)+动词原形”结构在书面语中,当主语为第一人称时,常用助动词shall。在口语中,所有人称都可以用will。请看:

We are going to visit the Great Wall next Sunday.

We shall visit the Great Wall next Sunday.主动句.被动句分别用英语怎么说

一、被动语态的构成

被动语态由“be动词+过去分词”构成:如

Everybody likes the cute girl. 大家都喜欢这个可爱的女孩。(主动语态)

The cute girl is liked by everybody. 这个可爱的女孩受到大家的喜欢。(被动语态)

二、主动语态变被动语态的基本方法e799bee5baa6e79fa5e98193e4b893e5b19e31333365633936

将主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语,将主动谓语变为被动谓语(be+过去分词),将主动语态的主语变为by短语(在被动句中用作状语),如:

He finished the task. → The task was finished by him.

注:如果不强调动词发出者,被动语态中的by短语通常可以省略。

三、 特殊用法

主动句可以转换成两种被动句型,它们通常是一些表示客观说明的句子,如:

People believed that the old man is innocent. 大家相信那个老人是无辜的。

→ It’s believed that the old man is innocent.. 大家相信那个老人是无辜的。

→ The old man is believed to be innocent. 大家相信那个老人是无辜的。

比较上面两类被动句型可以发现,一类是“it+be+过去分词+that从句”,另一类则是“主语+be+过去分词+不定式”,通常可用于这两类被动句型的动词有suppose, think, understand, assume, believe, expect, presume, report, say, fear, feel, know,等,如:

It’s known that she is a kind girl. =She is known to be a kind girl. 大家知道她是个善良的女孩。

It’s expected that he will be better soon. = He is expected to be better soon. 他应该很快就会好起来。

以上就是主动句变被动句的方法,大家都学会了吗?其实,主被动在我们写作或翻译过程中还是非常重要的,英语多被动,汉语多主动,所以学会这两种语态的转变对我们今后的学习至关重要。所以,希望大家能多思考对比,反复练习运用,尽快掌握该知识点。20个英语被动语态例句急需!!!!!!!!!!

1 The floor was swept. 地板打扫了。

2 The letter was written by him. 这封信是他写的。

3 The glass was broken by the boy. 杯子被那个男孩打破了。

4 English is spoken by many people in the world.

世界上许多人说英语。

5 Knives are used for cutting things.

刀用来切东西。

6 English can be spoken by him.

他会讲英语。

7 The work has been done.

这个工作做完了。

8 Apple trees aren't planted in the south.

苹果树不种在南方。

9 This book mustn't be lent to the others.

这本书不应该借给别人。

10 Are they made in China?

它们是中国制造的吗?

11 Were they used for keeping warm?

它们是用来保温的吗?

12 What is the machine used for?

这台机器用来做什么?

13 It is used for making cakes.

它是用来制造糕饼的。

14 Where were the cars made?

这些小汽车是哪里制e68a84e8a2ade799bee5baa6e79fa5e9819331333238663561造的?

15 They were made in China.

它们是中国制造的。

16 The meeting was held last week.

会议上周就开了。

17 She must be taken to the hospital at once.

应该马上把她送进医院。

18 Teapots are used for drinking.

茶壶是饮水用的。

19 The students were given some advice by the teacher.

由老师给了学生们一些建议。

20 Some advice was given to the students.

一些建议给了学生们。被动句的英语

谓语动词的语态表示句子的主语和谓语动作之间的关系

1)当句子的主语是谓语动作的执行者时,主、谓之间的关系称为主动语态;

2)当句子的主语是谓语动作的承受者时,主、谓之间的关系称为被动语态。例如:

I teach English.主动语态。

Our English is taught by him.被动语态。

在被动语态的句子中,谓语部分的结构是be + p.p.(过去分词)。被动语态的句子有时态的变化,这个变化反映在be动词上。也就是说,把一个句子做成被动语态的句子,只需要写出BE动词的所需时态,再加上所给动词的过去分词就行了。当然,这只是指谓语部分而言。我们知道,be动词作为一个独立的谓语动词有自己现在分词(being)和过去分词 (been)。那么,下面我们来看看be在各种时态中的变化形式:

一般现在时 am / is / are

一般过去时 was / were

一般将来时 shall / will + be

过去将来时 would / should + be

现在进行时 am / is / are + being

过去进行时 was / were + being

现在完成时 have / has + been

过去完成时 had + been

说明:1)以上的八个时态可用于被动式,其它没有列举的时态都不宜用于被动语态的句子中。2)另外,表中被斜线隔开的词表示,供根据具体情况作选择。弄清楚了be在各种时态中的变化形式以后,我们就能很轻松地写出被动语态的各种时态了。我们可看看下面的实例:

English is spoken in many countries all over the world .(一般现在时)

世界上许多国家都讲英文。

Some TV sets for sale in the department store were stolen last night. (一般过去时)

那家商场用来出售的部分电视机昨晚被盗。

He won't be allowed, by his father, to marry lucy. (一般将来时)

他父亲不会让他娶露西为妻的。

They would be sent to the army when they finished the training. (过去将来时)

他们结束训练时将被派往部队。

The project is being carried out.(现在进行时)

这个计划正在执行中。

The case was being investigated then.(过去进行时)

那时这案子正在调查中。

This novel has been translated into several languages. (现在完成时)

这本小说已被译成了几种语言。

They said that production costs had been reduced. (过去完成时)

他们说生产成本已经下降了。

一般来说,在我们日常生活中,能用主动语态的时候就尽量不去用被动语态。

只有在下列情况中我们才用被动语态:

1)不清楚动作的执行者是谁, 例如:

The front window in the classroom was broken yesterday. 昨天,教室的前窗被打破了。

The time-table has been changed .时间表已变动了。

We haven't been informed of it .还没有人通知我们这事儿。

2)说话人对宾语的兴趣大于对主语的兴趣(这时可用by引导出动作的执行者),例如:

My TV set is being repaired in the shop. 我的电视机正在这店里修。

These books are written especially for children. 这些书是专门为孩子们写的。

The song was composed by a young worker. 这首歌是一位年青工人谱写的。

3) 不愿意说出动作的执行者,e5a48de588b6e799bee5baa631333361303031其目的是为了使语言得体、圆滑等。在这种情况下,有时常用一些句式,如It is said that…(据说……),It is reported that …(据报道……),It is rumoured that …(据传言……)等等。例如:

You are requested to make a speech at next meeting. 请您在下次会议上作个发言。

It is said that she is going to be married to a foreigner. 据说她要嫁给一个外国人。

It is rumored that he has been appointed as successor to the president of our company . 据传闻,他已被任命为我们公司总裁的接班人了。

It is generally considered impolite to ask one's age, salary, marriage, etc.. 问别人的年龄、工资、婚姻状况等通常被认为是不礼貌的。

4) 出于修辞的原因,或是说为了更好地安排句子。例如:

The professor came to our school and warmly welcomed by the teachers and students.(句子的后半句用被动式就可以只安排一个主语。)那位教授来到我校并受到师生们的热烈欢迎。

I went to the party and was asked by my friends to do some cooking for them. (同上)我去参加了那个聚会,朋友们还请我为他们烧了几样菜。

The notion is especially opposed to by those who have invested much in the area.

(此句若选those作主语,就会使主语与谓语相距太远而显得句子松散,因为它的定太长了。)这个提议特别遭到了那些在本地区投资很大的人的反对。

这里我们还要进一步谈谈几种特殊的被动结构。

1)关于带情态动词的被动结构

带情态动词的被动结构的固定句式为情态动词 + be + 过去分词。也有个别带to的情态动词例外,如:ought to和have to ,它们的被动结构就只能在不定式中。例如:

The debt must be paid off before next month. 那笔债务必须在下个月前付清。

The debt has to be paid off before next month. 那笔债务必须在下个月前付清。

Oil can be turned into energy by burning it. 油经过燃烧可变为能源。

You ought to be criticized for your carelessness. 你由于粗心大意应当受到批评。

2) 关于带有两个宾语的主动态变成被动态

我们先来看看带有两个宾语的主动态句子的结构,重点看谓语部分 :

She sent me a novel on my birthday .

主 谓 间接宾语 直接宾语 状语

I allowed him an hour to finish the work .

主 谓 间接宾语 直接宾语 状语

从上面的分析可以看出,两个宾语分别是:直接宾语和间接宾语。将这种主动态的句子变成被动态的句子,可选两个宾语中的任何一个作为被动态句子的主语,而将另一个宾语作为保留宾语写入被动态的句中。但有一点要说明,那就是,如果你选直接宾语作主语,有时要在被动态句子的保留宾语前加上合适的介词。因为这些动词常有两种句式,即:我们可以说give sb sth , send sb sth , buy sb sth ;我们也可以说give sth to sb, send sth to sb , buy sth for sb 。请看下面两种情况的对照:

She sent me a novel on my birthday. (主动)

I was sent a novel on my birthday. (被动)

A novel was sent to me on my birthday. (被动)

My brother bought me a watch yesterday. (主动)

I was bought a watch yesterday. (被动)

A watch was bought for me by my brother yesterday.(被动)

3)关于带有复合宾语的主动态变成被动态

如果将带有复合宾语(既:宾语 + 宾语补足语)的主动态的句子变成被动态的句子,我们只能选择原来句子的宾语作被动态句子的主语;而这时,原句里的宾语补足语就变成被动态句子的主语补足语了。例如:

The story made us laugh .(宾语补足语)

We were made to laugh by the story. (主语补足语)

They asked me to help them. (宾语补足语)

I was asked to help them. (主语补足语)

We saw them coming over. (宾语补足语)

They were seen coming over. (主语补足语)

一、 被动语态的用法:

1. 一般现在时的被动语态构成:is / am / are + 及物动词的过去分词

Our classroom is cleaned everyday.

I am asked to study hard.

Knives are used for cutting things.

2. 一般过去时的被动语态构成:was / were + 及物动词的过去分词

A new shop was built last year.

Dinosaur eggs were laid long long ago.

3. 现在完成时的被动语态构成:has / have + been + 及物动词的过去分词

This book has been translated into many languages.

Many man-made satellites have been sent up into space by many countries.

4. 一般将来时的被动语态构成:will+ be + 及物动词的过去分词

A new hospital will be built in our city.

Many more trees will be planted next year.

5. 含有情态动词的被动语态构成:情态动词+ be + 及物动词的过去分词

Young trees must be watered often.

Your mistakes should be corrected right now.

The door may be locked inside.

Your homework can be handed in tomorrow.

6. 现在进行时的被动语态构成:am / is / are + being + 及物动词的过去分词

Uncle Wang is mending my bike now.→

My bike is being repaired by Tom now.

They are planting trees over there. →

Trees are being planted over there by them.

7. 不定式的被动语态:to + be + 及物动词的过去分词

There are two books to be read. →

There are twenty more trees to be planted.

二、 把主动语态改成被动语态的方法

把主动语态改为被动语态非常简单,可以遵循以下几个步骤:

1. 先找出谓语动词;

2. 再找出谓语动词后的宾语;

3. 把宾语用作被动语态中的主语;

4. 注意人称、时态和数的变化。

例:1. Bruce writes a letter every week. →A letter is written by Bruce every week.

2. Li Lei mended the broken bike this morning.→The broken bike was mended by Li Lei this morning.

3. He has written two novels so far.→Two novels have been written by him so far.

4. They will plant ten trees tomorrow.→Ten trees will be planted by them tomorrow.

5. Lucy is writing a letter now.→A letter is being written by Lucy now.

6. You must lock the door when you leave.→the door must be locked when you leave.

三、 使用被动语态应注意的几个问题:

1. 不及物动词无被动语态。

What will happen in 100 years.

The dinosaurs disappeared about 65 million years ago.

2. 有些动词用主动形式表示被动意义。

This pen writes well.

This new book sells well.

3. 感官动词或使役动词使用省略to的动词不定式,主动语态中不带to ,但变为被动语态时,须加上to 。

例:make somebody do something→somebody+ be +made to do something

see somebody do something→somebody +be +seen to do something

A girl saw my wallet drop when she passed by.→My wallet was seen to drop by a girl when she passed by.

The boss made the little boy do heavy work.→The little boy was made to do heavy work by the boss.

4. 如果是接双宾语的动词改为被动语态时,直接宾语(物)作主语,那么动词后要用介词,这个介词是由与其搭配的动词决定。

He gave me a book.→A book was given to me by him.

He showed me a ticket.→A ticket was shown to me by him.

My father bought me a new bike. →A new bike was bought for me by my father.

5. 一些动词短语用于被动语态时,动词短语应当看作一个整体,而不能丢掉其中的介词或副词。

We can’t laugh him. →He can’t be laugh by us.

He listens to the radio every day. →The radio is listened to by him every day.

The nurse is taking care of the sick man. →The sick man is being taken care of by the nurse.

英语当中,被动句是怎么倒装的?

Lying across the river is a bridge built two centuries ago.是应该copy完全倒装,但是built two centuries ago是用来修饰bridge的,把它去掉句子结构不变,这个句子简化后是这样的:Lying across the river is a bridge .

Lying across the river is built a bridgetwo centuries ago.这个句子很不对。。。结构紊乱。。。a bridge 是主语,那谓语是什么呢?如果是built的话那is是什么成分呢?is(lying)才是谓zhidao语。

碰到这种句子把所有成分补全就很容易分析了。Lying across the river is a bridge(that was) built two centuries ago.可以看到里面有个修饰bridge的隐性状语从句。英语被动句结构

主动句结构百一般是度:主语+谓语+宾语知e.g. He is cleaning the classroom.

那么被动句就道变成回:宾语+be+动词ed+(介词答+主语) The classroom is cleaned by him.
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